Tree Service

What You Need to Know About Tree Removal

Tree Removal Baltimore is a complex process that requires refined techniques, specialized equipment, and expert arborists. Other factors that determine the cost of removing a tree include its size and location.

Tree Removal

For example, trees near roads and walkways must be removed in a way that safeguards people and property. A hazardous tree with structural damage or disease may also require extra time and labor to remove.

The process of tree removal requires a lot of planning. It involves examining how the dead or damaged tree will affect surrounding plants and structures, and ensuring that the work is carried out safely to prevent damage to people or property. Tree removal services also take into account the impact of their work on wildlife and local ecosystems. They also have to consider the potential cost of the project, including the costs of any necessary permits.

Once the professionals have completed their assessment of the tree and its surroundings, they can begin the actual cutting and removal process. This is where their expertise, knowledge of tree physics, and specialized equipment come into play. They are able to remove the tree without harming its roots or causing any damage to buildings or other trees in the vicinity.

Before the professionals arrive, it’s important to clear your yard of any obstacles that might get in their way. This includes lawn furniture, potted plants, or anything else that could be harmed by the movement of the tree or its debris. If you can’t move these items, cover them with sheets or blankets to protect them from flying debris. You should also keep pets and children away from the area for the duration of the removal process. If they get loose and run amok, it can create a major safety hazard for everyone involved.

It’s also a good idea to make sure there’s plenty of room for the tree service workers to park their vehicles and equipment on your property. There’s likely to be a lot of wood and equipment being hauled around, and it can be difficult to squeeze vehicles in and out when they’re moving large sections of a tree or clearing the stump left behind.

If you have neighbors, it’s a good idea to let them know that the tree removal process will be taking place. This will help ensure that they are aware of the potential hazards and are willing to move their cars if needed to create more space. It will also give them an opportunity to prepare their yards and protect their belongings from falling debris.


Trees provide natural beauty to your home’s landscape and can also boost the value of your property. However, they can also be a risk to your house or other structures in your yard when they become damaged or dead. In addition, they can impede the growth of other shrubs and plants. That’s why it’s best to have troublesome trees removed before they cause severe damage or even become a safety hazard.

When removing trees, you need to have the right equipment to perform the task safely and effectively. The equipment should be specialized for the type of tree you are cutting and should also be upgraded periodically. This will ensure that the equipment is always up to date and that it provides you with better results.

There are many different types of tree removal equipment available on the market, but a few basic pieces should be included in every toolkit. For example, all tree professionals should have a good quality chainsaw. The best option is a gas-powered chainsaw, as it eliminates the need for extension cords. Another essential piece of equipment is a stump grinder, which grinds down tree stumps and roots to make them easier to remove.

For more complicated jobs, you will need a ladder and climbing equipment to get to high parts of the tree. A rigging system can also be useful, which helps you dismantle the tree and lower it to the ground. Finally, a wood chipper can turn the branches and trunks into small chips that can be used as mulch after they are cut up.

Some jobs may require a crane, which is usually more expensive than other methods of tree removal. You will need to get a permit before using a crane, and the process can take longer. However, this method of removal is safer and can reduce the risk of damaging nearby structures. It can also be useful for removing large trees that have been damaged by storms or other factors.

Safety Goggles or Helmets

When working with a chainsaw, it is vital to wear protective equipment for the eyes and head. This includes a helmet and safety goggles or a face shield to protect against wood chips, debris and potential head injuries. Also, heavy gloves and protective clothing that covers the extremities are important to prevent cuts and puncture wounds. Leg protection is essential when climbing a tree to reduce the risk of slipping and falling and should be made of cut resistant material that covers from the thigh to the top of each boot.

When the work begins, the entire team should conduct a safety briefing to discuss the hazards of the job. This should include a discussion about the equipment that is going to be used and how it will be operated, including any risks associated with its use. During this process, the team should determine which areas are hazardous and make plans to ensure that these are not worked in. It is also crucial to identify any other risks that could arise during the course of the work, such as electrical lines or other people in the vicinity.

The team should also assess the health of the tree to determine if it is at risk of falling, which could result in serious injury to anyone nearby. This is done by looking for signs such as fungal growth on the bark, dead branches or a hollow trunk. The tree’s structural integrity must be considered as well, which is why it is a good idea to hire professionals with the right experience.

While a hard hat is an essential piece of PPE for tree removal, some workers choose to wear a specialist helmet designed for arborists. These have a special mesh or polycarbonate visor that provides extra eye protection, which prevents twigs and wood chips from penetrating the eyes. Some of these visors also have ear defenders attached, which help to lower noise levels caused by chainsaws.

Safety goggles are a more appropriate choice for high dust environments than safety glasses, as they offer a tight seal against the face, which helps to keep dust particles away from the eyes. These are a better choice for high-risk activities such as chemical cleaning, hazardous chemical use, brick/stone/concrete masonry, metal grinding and turning and spray painting, where dust may fly into the eyes at a high velocity.

Business Services

What Is Septic Tank Cleaning?

Septic Tank Armadale cleaning involves removing the sludge and build-up in your septic tank. It also includes pumping out the liquid waste.

While your septic system may seem mysterious, it’s important to know its basics so you can make sure it stays healthy. Here are four elements that go into septic tank cleaning:

In a properly functioning septic system, the microbial ecosystem breaks down the septage, and the more solid matter sinks to the bottom of the tank. This is called sludge. The lighter material, which is mostly grease and similar substances that float, is known as scum. In between is clear water that is absorbed into the soil. Septic tank cleaning is important because the sludge layer can build up over time. The most reliable way to know when a septic tank needs to be cleaned is by inspecting and pumping it out. A professional inspector will be able to look at the sludge and scum layers while also inspecting the tank for leaks.

When it comes to septic tank cleaning, the goal is to remove all of the sludge from the septic tank and then flush everything clean. Most septic tank cleaning is done using a large truck inserting a hose into the maintenance hole to vacuum the septic tank’s contents. This method is much faster and more thorough than the old-fashioned way of simply pumping out the liquids and leaving the sludge behind.

Some products on the market claim to lengthen the time between septic tank cleaning. However, most of these products contain chemicals that harm the microbial ecosystem in your septic tank. Bleach, drain cleaner, and other harsh chemicals can kill off the bacteria that keep your septic tank working correctly.

The best way to reduce the need for septic tank cleaning is to limit what gets put into the tank. Avoid placing any oil, even motor oil, down the drain. Limit garbage disposal to only putting in food waste, and don’t wash dishes or clothes that go down the drain in the sink or toilet. These items can cause a lot of damage to the microbial ecosystem in your septic system and can cause raw sewage backups. This is why it’s always good to have a septic tank inspection performed once per year.

A septic tank creates biohazardous waste that contains germs like E. coli, salmonella, shigella, and cholera. When these germs enter your home’s drains and toilets, they can cause clogs and overflow. A septic tank that overflows can also spill out into your yard, creating a health hazard. If your septic tank is overflowing, it’s time to call a professional for a cleaning. Foul odors are another warning sign that your septic system requires service. The smell of sewage is very unpleasant and dangerous for you and your family.

Tree roots are attracted to septic tanks and drainpipes because they contain moisture and nutrients. They will exploit any cracks or weaknesses in your septic tank and surrounding pipes to gain access. Once they have gained entry, the roots obstruct your home’s drains, causing clogs and overflows.

Roots can also invade your septic system by burrowing into the walls of your tank or obstructing the inlet or outlet pipe. This can be a big health risk since the sewage backed up through your drains and toilets can contaminate the soil around your home.

Regularly pumping your septic tank is the best way to prevent root infiltration. A septic system expert can also inspect your system and identify any weak points the roots enter through. This can include the septic tank access lid, inlet and outlet pipe, or broken old pipes. A professional can repair these damaged areas to stop root infiltration.

Septic tank experts can also add a root-killing additive to your septic system that kills and liquefies the tree roots. This is an excellent short-term solution, depending on how inundated your septic tank is with roots. However, the roots will eventually need to be manually removed for long-lasting results.

The best way to avoid a septic tank emergency is by having it pumped every three to five years and avoiding putting non-sewage waste, such as wet wipes and feminine hygiene products, down your drains. In addition, it’s important to have your septic tank and septic system inspected before you sell or buy a property.

During the septic tank process, liquid waste is separated from solid waste by settling and flotation. Substances lighter than water (oil, grease, fats) float to the top of the tank and form a layer called scum. Aerobic bacteria work at digesting these floating substances. Water that is heavier than water sinks to the bottom of the tank and forms a layer of sludge.

The middle layer of wastewater is the effluent, which flows out of the septic tank through the inlet or outlet pipe. When it reaches the drain field, the effluent is dispersed into soil and water courses via a series of perforated pipes in a leach field or other specific units designed to discharge into the soil.

Septic tanks must be pumped regularly to remove the sludge from the tank. This prevents the sludge from reaching the inlet or outlet ports, causing clogs that block drains and cause sewage to return to homes. It is important to note that the septic tank will also need to be inspected for structural damage and leaks.

It is important to understand that septic systems depend on “friendly” bacteria to function properly. The harsh chemicals in many household cleaners, disinfectants, and bleaches can kill these bacteria, causing septic system failure.

You can help your septic tank and plumbing system by taking care of what you put down the drains. Avoid pouring cooking oil, fats, and grease down the drains; limit or eliminate the use of garbage disposal, and use only biodegradable household cleaners.

Another way to prevent a septic tank problem is by not placing large items on top of the tank and ensuring no part of the house extends over the septic tank. A story in the Bolinas Press-Telegram describes a family that added on to their home without checking where the septic tank was located, resulting in the addition of a room built over it. This required the pumpers to pull back the rug, cut a hole in the floor, run a suction hose into the window, and then to the tank itself to pump it out.

Septic tank systems are great for saving money and eliminating waste, but they need to be properly maintained. This is why septic tanks should be inspected on an annual basis. Having a professional inspect the tank can help determine how often the system should be pumped. This can also help prevent septic system overflows that can be expensive and dangerous for homeowners.

The first thing the inspector will do is look at the sludge and scum levels in the tank. A general guideline is that if the bottom of the sludge layer is within six inches of the septic tank preventative outlet or the top of the scum level rises to about 12 inches, then the septic tank will need to be pumped. The inspection professional should take detailed records of these measurements and relay them to the homeowner.

Next, the inspector will check the septic tank baffles. If the baffles are damaged, they may need to be repaired or replaced. The inspection professional should also note if the drain field is experiencing problems. If the drain field is not properly constructed or the soil is compacted, it can cause the septic system to overflow.

Finally, the inspector should check the septic tank for cracks. A cracked septic tank is dangerous and should be cleaned immediately. Cracks can allow the septic tank contents to leak into the surrounding soil, which is very hazardous for your family and pets.

The inspection specialist will poke into the tank’s lids using a long stick. These are very thick concrete lids, and they can be difficult to pry open. The inspector will then insert a special tool called a sludge judge into the septic tank and measure the sludge level. The sludge level should be at most 1/3 of the tank’s volume or rise above the baffles.

Performing a septic tank inspection is very important, but many people need to learn how to do it correctly. Keeping your septic tank in good condition can save you thousands of dollars in repairs and maintenance costs. It is also important to keep the septic tank away from children and animals, not use chemical cleaners, detergents, or anti-freeze, and plant grass over the drain field to help it absorb and break down wastewater.

Business Services

Landscape Lighting Enhances Your Home’s Curb Appeal

Landscape lighting is a great way to showcase features of your home and property at night. It also makes entertaining and spending time outdoors safer and more enjoyable.

Do: Try highlighting taller trees or structures with up-lighting. The contrast of dark shadows and bright light is dramatic and draws the eye. For more information, just click the Visit Website to proceed.

A well-manicured lawn and lush landscaping are key to a home’s curb appeal. The term refers to a first impression that can captivate or deter potential buyers, so it’s essential to maintain and elevate these elements. Besides regular maintenance, one easy way to do this is to use landscape lighting. This type of lighting accentuates the beauty of a yard, turning it into a nighttime showcase that will awe guests and passersby.

The key to creating a dramatic curb appeal with landscape lighting is determining which architectural features to highlight. Focus on highlights that make the house stand out from a distance, such as highlighting the dormers or rockwork on the exterior of a contemporary home or illuminating pillars and other unique structures on a property. You can highlight specific landscaping elements like tree trunks, a beautiful topiary, or a statue.

Other important things to consider when boosting curb appeal with landscape lighting are your chosen materials and colors. For example, avoid using plants with lots of natural litter, like petals and seed pods. This will turn off people who want to avoid this kind of upkeep. Instead, opt for a plant selection that looks good all year round.

Another way to use landscape lighting to boost your home’s curb appeal is by illuminating winding pathways throughout your property after dark. This will not only enhance the visual appeal of your property, but it’ll also be safer for you and your guests.

When you combine the magic of lighting with carefully placed shrubs, trees, and flowers, you can create a spectacularly inviting space with people stopping to admire your home. This curb appeal is more than just a good way to attract guests and help you sell your property. So, if you’re considering listing your home in the future, it’s worth taking some time to enhance your home’s curb appeal with simple landscape lighting. Invest in quality fixtures built specifically for outdoor use to withstand moisture, soil contact, and changing temperatures through the seasons without corroding or breaking down.

Lighting experts can help you decide how to illuminate your landscape best and where the fixtures should be located for beauty and safety. They can also help you with any necessary planning and permit requirements and ensure that your outdoor lighting is installed properly for safe operation.

The right outdoor lighting fixtures can help discourage criminals who might target your home for a break-in. Effectively placed accents and spotlights can brighten dark areas around your doors, porches, and steps, discouraging burglars and intruders who might lurk in the shadows.

A professionally designed lighting system can make your property look more inviting for guests after dark and improve the security of your home, children, pets, and belongings. Landscape lighting can highlight trees and shrubs or illuminate pathways to keep people from tripping or falling on uneven surfaces.

Your landscape lighting company can advise you on using different types of outdoor lighting for your specific needs, including which bulbs are rated for outdoor usage. They can also recommend how to best protect your lighting from harsh weather conditions by placing fixtures where they will be shielded from rain and wind.

It’s important to understand safety issues related to your landscape lighting, especially when it comes time to disconnect or remove the lighting. Most outdoor lighting systems are low-voltage but still emit significant heat and can pose a risk if handled incorrectly. Before you begin working, ensure the power is turned off at your electrical panel or the transformer that controls the lights you will be working on. It would help to use a voltage tester to ensure the wires are not live before disconnecting them.

If you are using metal lighting structures or ornaments, avoid contact with them while disconnecting and removing them. This can cause a dangerous shock. Wear personal protective equipment, such as a hard hat and eye protection, is also a good idea. The strands can be as sharp as needles when cutting and stripping landscape lighting cables.

Homeowners can use landscape lighting to address several security concerns. For example, lighting walkways, paths, and stairs make them visible at night and help people safely navigate the property. Additionally, by lighting tripping hazards like exposed tree roots and uneven pavers, you reduce the risk of someone falling and hurting themselves.

Lighting also helps prevent a different kind of intruder—nocturnal wildlife that might threaten pets or young children. By installing dual flood lights with motion sensors around a home’s exterior, homeowners can scare away coyotes, alligators, and raccoons that might otherwise hunt these vulnerable creatures at night.

Another way landscape lighting can increase security is by illuminating entryways and other parts of the house that may be a hiding spot for criminals. By highlighting these areas with strategically placed lighting, homeowners can ensure that no one lurks in their yard at night and deter criminals from even considering entering the property.

Landscape lighting can also help ward off other nighttime dangers by making it easier to watch children and pets as they play outside. It can also discourage predatory animals that prowl for small animals, such as birds or squirrels.

In addition, homeowners can light their entire property by implementing a lighting system with both uplighting and moonlighting (installing fixtures in trees or other border features to illuminate them from the ground up and down). This helps to create a defined boundary for their property and deter anyone from trespassing on it.

A smart landscape lighting system lets homeowners control their lighting remotely via smartphone apps or tablets. This allows them to set up lighting scenarios that simulate their presence while on vacation, which can further deter criminals from attempting to break into their homes.

In addition to setting up lighting scenarios, homeowners should regularly inspect their landscape lighting systems for signs of damage or wear and tear. This includes checking for exposed wiring, cleaning the fixtures to prevent dirt and debris accumulation, replacing burnt-out bulbs, and repositioning lights to account for plant growth.

As with anything, landscape lighting requires routine maintenance. Unlike interior lights, which need replacement bulbs, outdoor lighting is subjected to various conditions that can affect its function and appearance.

If a lighting fixture is broken or damaged, it should be repaired immediately. Not only is a broken fixture unsightly, but it can also pose a safety risk. Leaving it in disrepair increases the chances of electrical damage and the potential for fire.

Many homeowners or gardeners are responsible for maintaining their landscape lighting system. Unfortunately, this can lead to all kinds of problems. For example, gardeners can knock fixtures out of place, bury them with mulch and debris, or blow leaves on top of them. This can compromise the perfect aiming of light beams and the overall effect that the system was designed to achieve.

Another common issue is that the wiring running to and between the landscape lighting fixtures can become exposed. Leaving this exposed can make it easy for children and pets to trip over it. This can also increase the chance of the wire becoming damaged by moisture and other environmental factors. It is a good idea to re-bury any exposed wiring.

In addition to checking for exposed or damaged wiring, a property owner should regularly check the fixtures. This should include inspecting for broken lenses, dented metal, and corrosion. If a fixture is missing a lens, it should be replaced as soon as possible to avoid the light being left unlit.

Lastly, it is important to regularly look for any areas of the yard that are starting to appear dim. This can indicate that a bulb is nearing the end of its lifespan or has already burned out completely. It is a good idea to replace the bulb before it goes out completely to prevent it from leaving that area of the yard unlit.

Remembering that a property’s landscape lighting design can be improved over time. Adding new fixtures, changing the positioning of existing ones, and adding more lighting can enhance a home’s curb appeal and increase the property’s security.

Tree Service

The Benefits of Hiring a Tree Service Company

Lakeway Tree Experts can perform various tasks, including pruning, trimming, and even tree removal. They also have the experience and knowledge to complete these tasks in a much shorter time than you can.

They will know how to prune your trees and ensure they stay healthy by identifying diseases or problems before they become serious. They can also trim hedges and help with the removal of invasive species.

tree experts

Trees add beauty and value to properties but require regular pruning services to remain healthy. Proper pruning removes dead, weakened, diseased, and crossing limbs, helps promote new growth, improves the structure of trees, increases flower and fruit production, and enhances their aesthetic appearance.

Pruning also reduces hazards and property damage. Weak, tangled, or damaged branches can fall during severe weather, threatening people and homes. Our professional arborists will prune away limbs that are too close to power lines, buildings, or sidewalks and curbs. We can also train your trees to grow in a desirable way, such as keeping their shape and preventing them from overhanging your roof or blocking views.

Plant health is another important benefit of regular trimming and pruning. A lack of pruning can lead to overgrowth and stunted growth, making a tree susceptible to disease, insect infestations, and breakage during storms. Our expert arborists understand the unique needs of each species and can recommend appropriate pruning techniques to ensure your plants are kept in optimum condition.

Different goals call for different pruning methods. Reducing density, for example, involves removing limbs all the way back to their point of origin, a technique that can manage growth and enhance light penetration. Our tree service also offers ornamental pruning, which is the selective removal of branches and buds for horticultural or aesthetic purposes. This can be used to create a specific form, such as spherical boxwood topiaries, or to give an aesthetic a clean and polished look. It is often performed during the winter when the weather is milder and less likely to cause damage to the plant. However, it can be done at any time of year to control the size and form of a plant or shrub.

Trees play a crucial role in urban areas, but neglected care can lead to structural damage and health issues that threaten property and life. Tree Experts offers a range of cleaning services to help keep trees healthy and safe. The team assesses yards to determine the necessary service, and then provides accurate estimates. It also delivers safe emergency removal services to remove fallen or dying trees, preventing extra damage to properties. Customers can easily schedule an appointment and make payments using its portal, which is accessible from any location. They can even request a quote online. It is a good option for people who want to maintain the beauty of their yard and property.

Stumps are unsightly and can interfere with your yard’s layout, create a trip-and-fall hazard, and make lawn-mowing more difficult. Stumps can also attract unwanted critters, like termites. If you’re looking to get rid of a stump, a professional tree service can help. However, digging out a stump is a time-consuming and often expensive process. Stumps that are surrounded by concrete or other hardscape materials can be even more challenging to remove, because the roots can spread underground and damage foundations, footings, or pipes.

Before the stump grinder arrives, Burke says he’ll take the time to inspect the area and ensure that it’s safe to work. He’ll check for twigs, rocks, and debris that could hit the spinning cutting wheel of the machine and fly back at the operator. He’ll also make sure children are indoors or otherwise supervised and that tools, toys, or any other objects that could get in the way are clear of the work site. He’ll also make sure the proper safety gear is in place. This includes a hard hat, chainsaw safety pants, and sturdy work boots.

Stump grinding involves using industrial equipment to grind the stump down to 3-6 inches below ground level. Burke says there are some factors that affect how difficult the stump is to grind, including age and the species of the tree. He notes that pine tree stumps are easier to grind than deciduous stumps because their root systems tend to be wider and shorter. Ultimately, though, the goal is to eliminate the stump, leaving only the ring of roots beneath the ground. Then the remaining soil can be used as mulch to help prevent weeds, and to protect plants around the stump from termites or other pests that might be attracted to it.

Trees are more than just a visual enhancement to your property. They improve air quality, reduce noise pollution, and provide shade. They also add value to your home and increase its curb appeal. Proper maintenance of your trees is essential to their health and longevity. This can be accomplished through regular pruning and other services, like stump grinding, crown thinning, and more. A reputable tree service company can help you keep your trees looking great while ensuring their safety and stability.

If you have heritage trees on your property, it’s important to maintain them properly. A few ways to do this include getting a soil test, watering them regularly, and pruning them correctly. You can also ask for a permit from the city if you’re planning to work on a heritage tree. These permits are usually required if you plan to prune or remove any part of a tree that’s considered a heritage tree.

Whether you have one or many heritage trees on your property, an arborist can help preserve them for generations to come. The experts at Tree Service can prune your trees to encourage growth and prevent damage. They can also remove dead or dying limbs and perform other tasks to protect your heritage trees.

ISA Certified Arborists from the team can identify and treat a variety of diseases in your trees. This can save you money in the long run by preventing costly removals and replacements. They can also help you plan your property’s landscaping and make recommendations for future maintenance. You can even request a free consultation online to discuss your concerns with their staff. The company’s owner has over two decades of experience working with different types of trees and landscapes.

For many homeowners, hedges and shrubs can make or break the appearance of a property. They add a sense of symmetry to the landscape, but they also need regular upkeep to stay healthy and attractive. Trying to trim these plants on your own can cause them to lose shape or become unhealthy due to overgrowth and improper trimming techniques. Hiring a professional to handle the job for you can help ensure your hedges look their best and stay healthy.

Some tree service companies offer more than just pruning and trimming. They can provide other services, such as emergency limb removal, cable bracing, and insect and disease evaluations and treatments. They may also offer stump grinding, mulching, planting, and fertilization to keep your trees healthy. Some even specialize in a variety of residential and commercial landscaping services, including hedging and bush trimming.

Hedging and shrubs need to be trimmed regularly to keep them healthy, but this can be difficult for people who don’t have the time or the equipment. Professionals have the proper tools to get the job done safely and quickly, while also ensuring that the plants are healthy. Hedge trimming services can help maintain your property’s aesthetics and increase its value by keeping it neat and tidy.

Marco M used a local company that offered hedge trimming services and found them to be punctual, quick, and results focused. Their team of professionals had a great understanding of what needs to be done and provided excellent work at a reasonable price. They are a great choice for all of your tree care needs. Contact them today for a free on-site estimate. They are fully licensed and insured, and their certified arborists will assess your yard to give accurate recommendations on what services you need.

Neat Lawn Advice

Neat Lawn Advice For Everyone

Lush, neatly trimmed lawns are traditional favourites but they require regular maintenance to look their best. Here are some top tips to help you keep yours in tip-top shape.

Avoid bagging grass clippings and mulch them instead to decompose in the lawn, adding nutrients. Clover is a nitrogen-fixer and dandelions’ long taproots aerate the soil, while their flowers are food for pollinators.


The way you mow has a huge impact on how your lawn looks. Whether you use a mower, a scythe or a push or wheelbarrow, it’s important to follow the correct techniques for mowing. This includes using the right blade length, mowing in straight lines and keeping the mower clean. It’s also important to blow or sweep stray clippings away from paths and driveways. This is not only kind to the environment, but it’s also helpful for preventing clogging of storm drains and phosphorus pollution in lakes and rivers.

Grass that’s cut too short will not photosynthesize properly, resulting in a poor-quality lawn that’s vulnerable to weeds and drought-like conditions. This type of lawn needs to be fertilised frequently, as it can’t generate its own food. However, scalping the lawn every now and then isn’t going to help it.

Aim to mow your grass around three inches tall – this gives the grass the best chance of surviving hot summer weather, while also looking neat and tidy. You should also aim to mow your lawn at the same time each week, and avoid cutting it more than once a week.

It’s a good idea to dethatch your lawn on a regular basis, particularly after winter. This removes the thick layer of organic matter that’s often found between the grass and soil, allowing water and nutrients to penetrate deeper into the ground. Crisp lawn edges look neat and prevent grass from creeping into other garden areas, and are easy to achieve with long-handled edging shears. They are also ideal for defining the space between your garden and other hard surfaces, such as driveways and patios.


While the lush green lawn is a traditional favorite for setting off colorful borders and providing a pleasant spot to relax with the family, it requires regular maintenance to keep it looking its best. Fortunately, there are several simple steps that will keep your yard in pristine shape all year long.

One of the most important steps is mowing regularly to get rid of overhanging grass that your mower can’t cut. After mowing, use long-handled edging shears to trim back the excess grass. This helps to keep the yard looking neat and tidy, and it prevents weeds from growing in those hard-to-reach spots.

Another essential step is watering properly. Watering deeply and infrequently promotes strong root development and drought-resistance, while watering often and briefly can cause grass to become weak and prone to disease. Watering in the morning is also ideal, as the cool temperatures and sun help to reduce evaporation. Avoid watering at night, as the moisture could sit in the yard overnight and encourage fungus to grow.

It’s also wise to remove thatch, a layer of organic material that builds up between the ground and the roots of the grass. Like moss and weeds, thatch can actually block moisture from reaching the soil, so removing it through stratification (raking or using a scarifying machine) is vital for keeping your lawn healthy.

If your lawn needs additional help, consider investing in a sprinkler system that will deliver the right amount of water to your yard at the best time of day. This will make the job much easier, and you’ll also be able to monitor your yard’s health. The easiest way to tell if your lawn is getting enough water is by doing the “step test.” Simply walk across the yard, and if the grass springs back up quickly where you’ve stepped, it’s hydrated, while if it stays flat, it’s thirsty.


Lush, thick lawns depend on properly timed and balanced fertilization to look their best. Fertilizers with high amounts of nitrogen promote healthy color and rapid growth, while fertilizers with higher levels of phosphorus help the plants develop roots. Generally, it’s best to apply a general lawn fertilizer every 6-8 weeks. However, the frequency of fertilization depends on a variety of factors, such as how long your growing season is and what kind of grass you have.

To know what type of fertilizer you need, do a soil test to see what the nutrient level is. You can find pH soil testing kits at most garden stores or online, and follow the instructions to determine your lawn’s current nutrient balance. This helps you choose a fertilizer that will be effective.

The best time to fertilize a lawn is around Labor Day, when the grass is hungriest and needs to replenish its nutrients before winter. Be careful not to over fertilize — too much of it leaches through the soil and can cause environmental problems, such as excessive weeds and algal blooms in lakes, rivers, streams, ponds and other water features.

Use a granular lawn fertilizer that’s labeled for your specific turfgrass, and be sure to follow the application instructions carefully. If you’re using a sprayer, start in a corner of the yard and work out in straight lines as you cover the lawn. Make sure the spray isn’t hitting trees, shrubs or other garden plants, and remember to wear a mask to protect your lungs.

You should also remove thatch, which is a layer of organic material that sits between the soil and the leaf blades of the grass. This impedes water and other essential nutrients from getting down to the roots, so thatch removal is critical for a lush, healthy lawn. A dethatcher is a handy tool for this job.


Weeds steal water and nutrients from your garden and lawn, competing with your plants for their share of the sun. Rampant weeds detract from your landscape design, too, making gardens and lawns look less neat. While an entirely weed-free garden is impossible, you can greatly reduce their number and size by preventing them from growing, using the proper tools, and taking other steps to keep them under control.

Weeding is a chore that must become a regular part of your gardening routine. Aim to weed before they go to seed, and do it often enough that the weeds don’t get too far ahead of you. The best time to do it is right after a rain or when the soil has been recently watered. This loosens the dirt, and it makes pulling the weeds easier.

Be sure to pull the entire weed, including the roots, so that it doesn’t come back. You can also add the weeds to your compost pile, but only after they have died. Tossing live weeds in your compost pile will only give them new life in the form of new weeds!

Another way to prevent weeds is to mulch the areas around your flowers and vegetables. This will keep the soil soft and help keep them weed free. Some products even keep weeds from germinating for up to six months, but this works best when it is used over an area that will eventually be planted.

Many gardeners also choose to retain some of the weeds that they consider undesirable. Clover, dandelions, coarse-leafed grasses and buttercups can all be part of a healthy lawn that provides food for birds, bees and other wildlife.


A crisp, smooth defining line between grass and garden beds, sidewalks, walkways, driveways, and backyard pavers is the best way to show off plantings and highlight your landscape design. But this isn’t just a cosmetic service: properly done lawn edging protects turf from weeds and helps your yard maintain its shape.

Whether you have simple plastic edging, low-lying concrete, or wooden spokes or timbers anchored in place with stones, the right edging will enhance your landscaping. And don’t be intimidated: if you know the right techniques, you can edge like a pro.

Start by putting on sturdy gloves and a pair of safety glasses to shield your eyes from grass, pollen, dirt, and debris. If using a power edger, check to see if there are any buried electrical wires or plumbing pipes before you begin. Once you’re in a comfortable stance, slowly move the edger along hard surfaces, aiming for a vertical trench just below the desired height of your grass. It’s easiest to start in a back corner of your yard and work toward the front, rather than attempting to do the whole lawn in one shot.

Once you’ve established a good edging, trim the grass to keep it looking neat and well-maintained. You may want to use a pair of long-handled edging shears, which have a blade that is closer in size to a standard lawn mower’s and allow you to get on level with the pavement or dirt for a clean cut. You’ll probably need to do this fairly regularly, particularly in spring or fall when grass grows fastest. Edging can be a time-consuming chore, but it’s one that will make your yard look a lot more professional.